David Haviland played a very important role in bringing Limoges porcelain to the attention of the American public. He began his career as an importer of French porcelain in New York during the late 1830s and early 1840s. He moved to France in 1841 and settled in Limoges about 1842. Haviland operated an exporting business for several years, choosing porcelain made by Limoges factories to be shipped to his New York company. In 1847, he opened a decorating studio in Limoges. He had other Limoges factories make porcelain items according to his specifications which, in turn, were decorated at his studio and shipped to New York.
Haviland & Company Limoges
David Haviland did not produce any porcelain until 1865 (d’Albis and Romanet, p. 134). His sons, Charles Edward and Theodore, were involved in the business which was quite prosperous for many years. David Haviland died in 1879, and Charles and Theodore became partners. In 1891, however, Theodore left the company and formed his own business in 1892 under the name of “Theodore Haviland.” Haviland and Company was continued by Charles. He died in 1921, and his son, George, carried on the business until 1930 when it closed due to bankruptcy. The company was reorganized after 1941 when Theodore’s son, William, was able to obtain the rights to the old Haviland and Co. marks and models which had been sold in 1931. The Theodore Haviland Company in Limoges reverted to the name of Haviland and Company. William retired in 1957, and the company was carried on by his sons. They retired in 1972, and the management of the company was turned over to the Cerabati group under the name of “Haviland SA.” The company remains in business today.
Haviland & Co. Markings
Marks used by Haviland & Co. and Theodore Haviland are shown together in this chapter. They are numbered sequentially, and specific numbers are listed in the captions of the photographs. Examples for each company are shown together as well. Marks 19 — 22 are found on Haviland art pottery. Examples of the art pottery are not included in this edition because they are not porcelain. The marks may be of interest to collectors, however. A few changes have been made in the dates of the marks, based on information in Haviland, a book published in 1988 by Jean d’Albis, where the dating of Haviland marks has been refined from his earlier work with Céleste Romanet in 1980, La Porcelaine de Limoges.
Marks used by Frank Haviland, the youngest son of Charles Edward Haviland, are also illustrated here. Frank Haviland was an artist and operated his own decorating studio from about 1910 — 1925. Various marks incorporated his full name. These marks are sometimes found on Haviland marked blanks. Additionally, Haviland & Co. marked some china with an underglaze white ware mark specifically for Frank Haviland (d’Albis, p. 123), see Frank Haviland Mark 4. Some pieces of Frank Hviland’s china have been included in the photographs.
A pamphlet titled Porcelaine Theodore Haviland, published in August, 1912, shows several views of the factory, its workers, and various stages of china production. A few of those pages have been reprinted before the marks. These illustrate the modeling of pieces, the blanks, and the decorated ware before it was exported.
Haviland & Co. History
The Haviland company made its name by exporting, manufacturing, and decorating table china as discussed on pages 13 and 14, “Comparing Haviland and Other Limoges Porcelain.” Pieces of Haviland table ware patterns are found more frequently than art objects and decorative accessories. A selection of dinner ware patterns, beginning with some early pieces decorated by the company before it began manufacturing china, are shown first. Popular patterns such as Moss Rose, Old Blackberry, Wedding Ring, and Silver Anniversary are represented as well as a number of others. Some of the early pieces exhibit mixtion decoration with hand coloring added to the transfer outline. The majority of these patterns do not have factory assigned names, and no attempt has been made to devise names for them. A pattern name is used only if it is a common one coined by popular usage or a documented factory name. Documented shapes or forms are noted for some pieces.
253 Pc Haviland Limoges Silver Anniversary China Schleiger 19 (49 Cups/Saucers!)